It’s often useful to combine strings. For example, you might want to store a first name and a last name in separate variables, and then combine them when you want to display someone’s full name:
first_name = "ada" last_name = "lovelace" u full_name = first_name + " " + last_name print(full_name)
Python uses the plus symbol (+) to combine strings. In this example, we use + to create a full name by combining a first_name, a space, and a last_name u, giving this result:
This method of combining strings is called concatenation. You can use concatenation to compose complete messages using the information you’ve stored in a variable. Let’s look at an example:
first_name = "ada" last_name = "lovelace" full_name = first_name + " " + last_name u print("Hello, " + full_name.title() + "!")
Here, the full name is used at u in a sentence that greets the user, and the title() method is used to format the name appropriately. This code returns a simple but nicely formatted greeting:
Hello, Ada Lovelace!
You can use concatenation to compose a message and then store the entire message in a variable:
first_name = "ada" last_name = "lovelace" full_name = first_name + " " + last_name message = "Hello, " + full_name.title() + "!" print(message)
This code displays the message “Hello, Ada Lovelace!” as well, but storing the message in a variable at u makes the final print statement at v much simpler.
Adding Whitespace to Strings with Tabs or Newlines
In programming, whitespace refers to any nonprinting character, such as spaces, tabs, and end-of-line symbols. You can use whitespace to organize your output so it’s easier for users to read. To add a tab to your text, use the character combination \t as shown
>>> print("Python") Python u >>> print("\tPython") Python
To add a newline in a string, use the character combination \n:
You can also combine tabs and newlines in a single string. The string “\n\t” tells Python to move to a new line, and start the next line with a tab. The following example shows how you can use a one-line string to generate four lines of output:
Newlines and tabs will be very useful in the next two chapters when you start to produce many lines of output from just a few lines of code.
This article is an excerpt from A Hands-On, Project-Based Introduction to Programming by Eric Matthes
Reproduced with permission from No Starch Press