A web site is not a single page. It consists of several pages connected together. For example, when you click a text "About us", your browser automatically takes you to that web page. How is this magic occurring?.
It is through a concept of Links. Links are also called as Hyperlinks. You can also create links like this by using a HTML Tag called <A>. <A> stands for anchor.
Following example will help you to understand this concept.
<pre style="background-color: #ffffff; margin: 0em; width: 100%; font-family: consolas,'Courier New',courier,monospace; font-size: 12px"><span style="color: #0000ff"><</span><span style="color: #800000">A</span> <span style="color: #ff0000">href</span> = <span style="color: #0000ff">"abc.htm"</span><span style="color: #0000ff">></span>Go<span style="color: #0000ff"></</span><span style="color: #800000">A</span><span style="color: #0000ff">></span>
If you click Go, your browser connects you to abc.htm page. href is called as Hyper Text Reference.
Target: This attribute is used to open up the page in a new Window.
Class: It denotes the style sheet class name
ID: It denotes the style sheet ID name
It’s very easy to place images on a web page. Images can be of extensions .bmp, .gif, .jpeg etc. However, gif files are commonly used. Images can be placed by using <IMG>Tag.
An attribute called SRC is used to specify the path of the Image. For example, the code
<IMG src = "ballon.gif"> will place the image ballon.gif on the web page. You can specify the width and height as attributes to the <IMG> Tag. ALT attribute will enable you to add a Popup text when you move the mouse over the Image.
Giving Background Color to your Webpage
You can make the background of the web page to a specified color by using bgcolor attribute in the <BODY> tag. The code
<BODY bgcolor = "red"> will make the background color of the body to red. Similarly, if you require an Image to occupy the background of the Web page background attribute is used with the <BODY> tag as shown below:
<BODY background = "ballon.gif">